Authors

1 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran

2 MSc Student, Department of Agricultural Economics, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran

Abstract

Today water supply issue in large cities seems to be a big problem. This becomes more important with population growth and urbanization extension. To cope with this problem lots of irrigation and drainage projects have been implemented and operated that subsequently many socio- economic and cultural effects have been brought to the areas . The objective of the present study is to survey the socio - economic and environmental effects of Taleghan dam to compare the two periods before and after the dam construction. The needed data have been gathered by use of a questionnaire and by interviewing 400 samples in the irrigation and drainage network’s region of Taleghan Dam, and encoded questions and outcome data have been analyzed in spss and lisrel software. The results showed an economic development in the region, but some factors like, lack of trust, lack of economic advantages and deficiency of facilities, decrease villagers’ willingness to invest. 63.3% of region’s environmental pollution has been increased mainly by the tourists. Not only is there no increase in Water sources but also they have been decreased. 98% of individuals declared that the people were not questioned in construction projects. About the coefficient of dam’s effect on region’s socio- economic and environmental development, the villagers have declared that the dam construction had no positive effect on region’s development.

Keywords

1- Applied Economics Association. (2009). AAEA & ACCI Joint Annual Meeting, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, July 26-29.
 
2- Azizi Khalkheili, T., & Zamani, GH. (2010). Factors affecting farmers' participation in irrigation management: Application of Path Analysis, Journal of Economics and Agricultural Development, Agricultural Science and Technology, 24, 83-90.
 
3- Bart, J., & Earnest, SL. (1998). Relative importance of male and territory quality in pairing succes of male rock ptarmigan. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 45, 355-359. [DOI via Crossref]   
 
4- Bodaghpour, S., & Jadidi, A. (2008). Environmental impacts resulting from the construction of Mijran dams, fourth national congress on civil engineering, Tehran University.
 
5- Borimnejad, V. (2006) .Factors affecting the technical efficiency of wheat farmers in Qom (a mixture of stochastic frontier model and path analysis), and development Agricultural Economics, 53, 23-39.
 
6- FalsafiZadeh, N., & Sabohi Saboni, M. (2010). Determine the optimal harvest of peripheral run off water from Kor river basin, dam Dorovdzan. Journal of Economics and Agricultural Development (Agricultural Science and Technology), 24, 415 – 424.
 
7- Haji Rahimi, M., & Torkamani, J. (2003). Investigation role of agriculture in economic growth model using path analysis, and Development Agricultural Economics, 41 - 42, 71-83.
 
8- Hearnshaw, E., Cullen, R., & Hughey, K. (2010). Ecosystem services review of water projects, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Annual Conference.
 
9- Holy, RH. Structural Equation Modeling. SAGE Publications, Inc. Thousand Oaks, CA. 1995.
 
10- Jaffari Eskandari M. (2011). Determine the causal relationship of science and technology development in the private sector industrial processes using path analysis, Journal - Science and Technology Policy Research, 4, 41-51.
 
11- Kalantari, KH., & Ebrahimi, M. (2005). Factors affecting the absorption of tea to Irrigation Associations case study: city clones, Journal of Agricultural Science, 36(5), 1273-1282.
 
12- Kelloway, EK. (1998). Using LISREL for structural equation modeling. Sage publications, inc. thousand oaks, CA.
 
13- Yoon, L., Yoon, T., & Shah, F. (1987). Economics of integrated watershed and reservoir management agricultural.
 
14- Loehlin, Jc. (2010). Latent variables of model. Lawrence erlbaum associates, inc. Hillsdale, NJ.
 
15- Ross, C., & Hearn shaw, E. The sustainability and Cost-Effectiveness of water storage projects on canterbury rivers: The Opihi river case, New Zealand Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Inc.
 
16- Tompkins, J. (2011). Evaluating the sustainability of impounded river systems and the cost-effectiveness of Dam projects: An ecosystem services approach, 55th Annual AARES national conference.
 
17- Ullman, JB. (1996). Structural equation modeling (In using multivariate statistics, third edition,B.G. tabachnik and L.S. fidel, Eds.)
 
18- Yavari, GH., Khalili, M., & Mirkiaiee, H. (2006). Social and economic effects of national projects Hablehrud PRA method village branch pilot city (village case study Behvard).