1 PhD candidate, Nairobi, Kenya

2 Global Coordinator, Farmers of the Future Initiative,World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya

3 Senior lecturer, Department of Agricultural Education & Extension, Egerton University, Kenya

4 Senior lecturer, Department of Agrcultural Education & Extension, Egerton University, Kenya


Integrating natural resources management in the secondary school curriculum in Kenya has received a lot of talk without adequate practical activities. The Farmers of the Future Programme under the World Agroforestry Centre, formally the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), initiated a practical approach to integration of natural resources management in the secondary school curriculum in Kenya. This paper provides information on significant findings of a study that was carried out to determine the potential of FoF in integrating natural resources management into the secondary school curriculum in Kenya. A comparison between secondary school students who are involved in FoF programme and those not involved was done to determine their perceptions towards natural resources management. Further, comparison of perceptions by gender among learners who are involved in the FoF initiative was done. The study employed an ex-post-facto design in data collection using questionnaires. Questionnaires and were analysed using t-test at alpha=0.05. The findings indicated that the FoF programme had a significant influence on learners’ perceptions towards natural resources management. It was therefore concluded that FoF programme enhanced positive perceptions towards natural resources management among learners. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that the FoF programme be expanded to cover more schools.


1- Foster, R. & Dodge,G. (1991).Interpersonal skilldevelopment instruction for colleges of agriculture.National Association of College and Teachers ofAgriculture Journal, 34 (2) pp26-29.
2- Kanyi, M.G. (2007). Effects of the Farmers ofthe Future (FoF) Programme on Learners’ PerceptionsTowards Natural Resources Management in selectedschools in Western region of Kenya. (UnpublishedMSc Thesis). Njoro, Kenya: Egerton University.
3- Kenya National Examination Council. (2001).The year 2000 K.S.C.E examination candidates performance report. Nairobi: The Kenya National Examination Council Printing Press.
4- Koul, L. (1993). Methodology of educational research. Delhi: Vikas publishing house limited.
5- Lopokoiyit, M.C. (1995). A study of the effectsof attitude gender and previous agriculture students:A case study of Egerton University. (UnpublishedMSc Thesis). Njoro, Kenya: Egerton University.
6- Lyung, B.O. (1965). Adolescence Spurt in MentalGrowth. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell.
7- Maccoby, E.E., & Jacklin C.N. (1974). The Psychology of Sex Differences. Stanford U.S.A: StandfordUniversity Press.
8- Makau, B.M. (1997). Measuring and analysinggender differences in primary and secondary schools.Research framework No. 2 (pp 8-15) Nairobi: Academy science publishers.
9- Maundu, P., & Tengnas, B. (2005). Useful treesand shrubs for Kenya. Technical handbook No.35.Nairobi: ICRAF-ECA.
10- Moir, K., Vandenbosch, T., Scull, Carvalho, S.(2007). Growing tress and gardens for life: Practicaltips for healthy tree nurseries and home gardens.Nairobi: Jacaranda Designs ltd.
11- Mutonga, S.M. (1995). Gender References inTest types, Item Formats and Their Relationships toPerformance in Secondary School Agriculture Examinations. (Unpublished Masters Thesis). Njoro,Kenya: Egerton University.
12- Noordin, Q., Niang, A., Jama, B., & Nyasimi,M. (2001). Scaling up adoption and impact of agroforestry technologies: Experiences from westernKenya. Development in practice 11, (4), 509 – 523
13- Phipps, L. J., Osborne, E. W., Dyer, J. E., &Ball, A.L. (2007). Handbook on Agricultural Educationin Public Schools. USA: Thomson
14- Temu, A.B., Rudebjer, P., & Zulberti, (1996).Integrated land use education in Africa: towards the21st century. Training and education report no. 38.Nairobi: ICRAF.
15- United States Office of Education Bulletin(1976). Objectives for vocational-technical educationin agriculture 4(p.4). Washington, D.C.: United StateGovernment Printing Office.
16- Vandenbosch, T., Taylor, P., Beniest, J., & Tesemma, B.A. (2002). Farmers of the Future: A strategyfor action. Nairobi: World Agroforestry Centre(ICRAF).
17- Walton, A. (1986). Women Scientists: Are TheyReally Different? In Harding, J. (Ed). Perspectivesof Gender and Science. (pp. 9-28). London: TheFalmer Press.