Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 National Institute of Agricultural Research, Research Center of Tadla, Beni Mellal, Morocco.

2 Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Beni Mellal, Morocco.

Abstract

Improving production efficiency is the main objective of government action to avoid efficiency losses and to increase the income of farmers. The aim of this study was to analyze performance levels of farms in the irrigated perimeter of Tadla in Morocco, according to the source of irrigation water. Thus, technical, allocative and economic efficiency were analyzed for farms in this area. To estimate the efficiency indices, the approach adopted is based on Data Envelopment Analysis method. Sixty samples of farms were chosen according to the mode of access to irrigation water. The results showed significant variability in technical, allocative and economic efficiency between the observed farms. The source of irrigation water is an important determinant of farm performance in the Tadla region. Thus, the average of economic efficiency varies between 45% and 83% according to the source of irrigation water. In terms of water valuation, farms that use only groundwater achieve a better value of irrigation water (2.19 MAD1 /m3) in comparison with those that combine between surface and groundwater and those which are limited to the use of surface water.

Highlights

  • Tadla Farms efficiency does not yet reached the potential per irrigated hectare
  • The cubic meter of water is not sufficiently valued by crops in the region.
  • Efficiency does not always reflect water valuation by crops.
  • Tadla farms have consistently required efforts to increase their efficiency levels.

 

Keywords

Main Subjects

1- ABHOER (2012). Management Plan of Integrated Development of Water Resources. Hydraulic Basin Agency of Oum Er Rbia River.

2- Al-Feel, M.A., & Al-Basheer, A.A.R. (2012). Economic efficiency of wheat production in Gezira scheme, Sudan. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 11, 1-5.

3- Bacot, M.L. (2001). Les strategies d’utilisation conjuguee des eaux de surface et souterraines pour l’irrigation dans le perimetre irrigue de Tadla (Maroc).- Ecole nationale du genie de l’eau et de l’environnement de Strasbourg, France, Strasbourg.

4- Barnes, A.P., Rutherford, K.M.D., Langford, F.M., & Haskell, M.J. (2011). The effect of lameness prevalence on technical efficiency at the dairy farm level: An adjusted data envelopment analysis approach. Journal of Dairy Science, 94, 5449-5457.

5- Coelli, T., Prasada Rao, D.S., & Battese, G.E. (1998). An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis, Springer Science & Business Media, Boston.

6- DRA (2012). (Regional Direction of Agriculture) Monography of Tadla region. Ministry of Agriculture and Marine Fisheries, Morocco.

7- Edens, B., & Graveland, C. (2014). Experimental valuation of Dutch water resources according to SNA and SEEA. Water Resources and Economics, 7, 66–81.

8- Farrell, M. J. ( 1957). The measurement of productif efficiency. Journal of Royal Statistical Society, 120, 253-281.

9- Geerts, S., and Raes, D. (2009). Deficit irrigation as on-farm strategy to maximize crop water productivity in dry areas. Agricultural Water Management, 96, 1275-1284.

10- Heinrichs, A.J., Jones, C.M., Gray, S.M., Heinrichs, P.A., Cornelisse, S.A., & Goodling, R.C. (2013). Identifying efficient dairy heifer producers using production costs and data envelopment analysis. Journal of Dairy Science, 96, 7355-7362.

11- Hoang, V.N. (2013). Analysis of productive performance of crop production systems: An integrated analytical framework. Agricultural Systems, 116, 16-24.

12- Lionboui, H., Fadlaoui, A., Elame, F., & Benabdelouahab, T. (2014). Water pricing impact on the economic valuation of water resources. International Journal of Education and Research, 2 (6), 147-166.

13- MAPM (2009). Ministry of Agriculture and Marine Fisheries, Regional Agricultural Plan of Tadla Azilal, Green Morocco Plan.

14- Prefol, P. (1986). Prodige de l’irrigation au Maroc. Le developpement exemplaire du Tadla,1936- 1985. Nouvelles Editions Latines, Paris, France.

15- Sali, G., & Monaco, F. (2014). Irrigation Water Resource in a Rice-Growing Area: Economic Evaluation under Different Pricing Conditions. In "Agricultural Cooperative Management and Policy" (C. Zopounidis, N. Kalogeras, K. Mattas, G. van Dijk and G. Baourakis, eds.), pp. 23-40. Springer International Publishing.

16- Seckler, D., Barker, R., & Amarasinghe, U. (1999). Water scarcity in the twenty-first century. Water Resources Development 15, 29–42.

17- Seiford, L. M., & Thrall, R. M. (1990). Recent Developments in DEA: The Mathematical Programming Approach to Frontier Analysis. Journal Econometrics, 46, 7-38.

18- Stanley, C. B. (2005). Investigation of the economics of water as used by smallholder irrigation farmers in South Africa. University of Pretoria, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, South Africa.

19- Waughray, D. K., & Rodriguez, A. (1998). Valuing water as an economic good in dryland areas - balancing the need for food, environmental and financial security. In "World Congress of Natural Resource Economists", Venice.

20- Yang, L., Ouyang, H., Fang, K., Ye, L., & Zhang, J. (2015). Evaluation of regional environmental efficiencies in China based on super-efficiency- DEA. Ecological Indicators, 51, 13–19.