Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Agricultural Jihad Organization, Kermanshah. Iran.

2 Department of Agricultural Extension & Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah. Iran

3 Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Science, Razi University, Kermanshah. Iran

4 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This paper focuses on the amount of diesel consumption as one of the non-renewable energy sources consumed by the agricultural machinery and water pumps in wheat and corn farms in Dire County,Kermanshah Province, Iran. The population of the study was determined by Bartlett table. Stratified random sampling method and census was used for the selection of respondents. The sample was composed of 247 wheat growers, 235 corn growers, and 57 tractor drivers selected by Bartlett’s table. Combine drivers as well as farm irrigation diesel owners were selected by census (N=15, N=48, respectively). The data collection tool was a questionnaire and the data were analyzed by SPSS software package. The findings revealed that in wheat farms, soil preparation had the highest consumption of diesel by 49% and in corn farms inter culturing had the highest diesel consumption by 38%. Moreover, the amount of diesel consumed in 3600 ha wheat and a corn farm in Dire County was 403,852.6 lit/year equivalent to 15,346,399 MJ. Burning this amount of diesel produces about 1, 058,094 kg CO2/year. Overall, farm machinery, water pumping and irrigation for two major crops in the county are extremely reliant on nonrenewable fossil fuel resulting in large amount of CO2 emission.  Hence, an aggressive and innovative policy is required to restructure and redesign energy system in agriculture sector at national and local levels. Finally, it seems that paradigm shift to sustainable agriculture and development of clean and renewable energy in Iran's agricultural sector is unavoidable.

Highlights

  • Iran energy use in agricultural production has become more intensive due to the use of fossil fuel, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, machinery and electricity to provide substantial increases
  • One of the most important strategies for tackling greenhouse gas emissions is the management of alternative clean energy supply in agriculture sector
  • The findings revealed that in wheat farms, soil preparation had the highest consumption of diesel by 49% and in corn farms inter culturing had the highest diesel consumption by 38%
  • In rural areas of Iran, given the huge potential of renewable resources as well as their capacity of job creation

Keywords

Main Subjects

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