Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

3 M.Sc. Graduated, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran


The countries' economy is basically dependent on both human and the natural resources so that social development of each country depends on them directly or indirectly. Nonetheless, some problems including the rapid growth of the population, unsustainable and unplanned exploitation, and lack of public awareness of development and reclamation rules have given an increase to the degradation process of these resources. So, one of the basic requirements to achieve the sustainable agriculture and rural development is sustainability in natural resource management and its protection. It should also be noted that public participation in natural resource management plays an important role in the prevention of this destructive process. The problem propels the aim of this research to determine the measure of agriculture beneficiaries’ role and importance in sustainable management. This research is an analytical - descriptive study which has a survey approach in collecting data. The statistical population consisted of 208 agriculture beneficiaries in villages around Hamadan city. Results showed that farmers could be classified into three groups: 34 percent in unsustainable group, 54 percent in moderately sustainable group and 12 percent in sustainable group. Also, multivariate regression showed that the variables of personal, extension and education, economics, policy and institutional and social activities could explain 79 percent (R2 = 0.791) of natural resources’ changes in agricultural sustainable management.

Graphical Abstract

Analyzing the Role of Agricultural Beneficiaries in Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Environment (Case of Hamadan County)


  • The countries' economy is basically dependent on both human and the natural resources so that social development of each country depends on them directly or indirectly.
  • Based on theoretical studies, five types of investment or assets are required to achieve sustainable management of natural resources
  • Based on the results of factor analysis and calculation of parameters 34 percent of the farmers were included in the first group, i.e. unsustainable, 54 percent in moderately  sustainable group, 12 percent in sustainable group.


Main Subjects

  1. Allan, C., & Curtis, A. (2002). Participatory rural appraisal: Using it to understand rural communities. Natural Resources Management, 51, 24- 34.
  2. Alonge, A. J., & Martin, R. A. (1995). Assessment of the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices implication for agricultural education. Journal of Agricultural Education, 3-3, 34-42.
  3. Ansari, N. (1994). Investigate the causes and contributing factors of the tribes involved in the restoration and improvement of range management planwith emphasis on Lorestan tribes. The first seminar on pasture, Isfahan University of Technology, 25-27 August 1994. Isfahan.
  4. Bossel, H. (1999). Indicators for sustainable development: Theory, method, applications. IISD, A report to the balaton group. Published by the international institute for sustainable development. Canada.
  5. Carney, D. (1998) Sustainable rural livelihoods: what contribution can we make?  Presented at the department for international development’s natural resources
  6. advisers’ conference, July 1998. Paper 217.
  7. Comer, S., Ekanem, E., Muhammad, S., Singh, S. P., & Tegegn, F. (1999). Sustainable and conventional farmers: A comparison of socio-economic characteristics, attitude, and beliefs. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 15, 29-45.
  8. European Environment Agency (EEA) (2005). Sustainable use and management of natural resources. EEA Report (No 9, 4-65), ISBN 92-9167-770-1, EEA, Copenhagen.
  9. FAO. (2004). Participation: our vision. Retrieved from
  10. Gromwell, E., Kumbena, P., Mwanzar, R., & Chirwa, R. (2001) Impact assessment using articipatoryapproach in Malawi. Agricultural Research and Extension Network, 112, 1-11.
  11. Hassanshahi, H., Sadati, A., & Rezaei, A. (2009). Sustainable management of natural resources among farmers, city Behbahan. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 7(2), 169-180.
  12. Huntsinger, L., & Fortman, L.P. (1990). Californias privately owned oak woodlands: Owners, use and management. Journal of Rang Management, 43(2), 147-152.
  13. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) (2001). Rural poverty, report, the challenge of ending rural poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  14. Khatounabadi, A. (1999). Human involvement and two-way interaction: A framework for the protection of natural resources and sustainable development department. Proceedings of the conference on natural resources, participation, and development of forests and rangelands, in collaboration with Tarbiat Modarres University, 20 July 1999.
  15. Long, N., & Villareal, M. (1994). The interweaving of knowledge and power in development Interfaces. In: Scoones, I., Thompson, J. (Eds.), Beyond Farmers First-Rural Peoples Knowledge, Agricultural Research and Extension Practice. Intermediate
  16. Technology Publications, London, pp. 41–51.
  17. Ommani, A., & Chizari, M. (2006). Sustainability analysis of wheat crop (case study in the Khozestan province). Iranian Journal of Agriculture Science, 37(2), 257-266.
  18. Rahman, M. H., & Yamao, M. (2007). Community based organic farming and social capital in different network structures: Studies in two farming communities in Bangladesh. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 2(2), 62-68.
  19. Roosta, K. (1999). Influencing of sustainable agricultural knowledge on performance and sustainability of farming systems. Unpublished thesis, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modars University.
  20. Samian, M., Naderi Mahdei, K., Saadi, H., Balal, H., & Movahedi, R. (2014). Factor affecting the sustainable management of agricultural water. International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development (IJAMAD), 4(4), 297-307.
  21. Shaikh, T.H., Hideki, S., & Ueno, H. (2007). Adoption of organic rice for sustainable development in Bangladesh. Journal of Organic Systems, 2 (2), 27-37.
  22. Shaeri, A., & Saadi, H. (2003). Practical guide to partnerships and promote natural resource. Tehran, Poneh Publisher.
  23. Taylor, J. (2002). Sustainable development a dubious solution in search of a problem. Policy Analysis, 449, 1-49.
  24. United Nations (1987). Our common future: Report of the world commission on environment and development. Retrieved from, accessed 10/04/2009.
  25. Union Nations (2002). World summit on sustainable development, plan of implementation of the world summit on sustainable development. Johannesburg,
  26. South Africa, from 26 August to 4 September.
  27. Zahedi, SH. (2007). Sustainable development. Tehran, Samt Publications.