Document Type: Original Article
M.S Graduated of Agricultural Extension and Education, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran
Assistant professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran
Getting advanced in communication and information technologies and their impact on all aspects of human life, the world is experiencing a new phenomenon named information society. Therefore, e-learning is a necessity to develop the quality of learning in this kind of society. The purpose of this study was to identify the barriers of e-learning implementation by M.Sc. Students in agricultural faculty of Islamic Azad University, Ilam branch. This research was applied and a descriptive survey method was used. The population of this study included 153 M.Sc. students in the agricultural faculty of Islamic Azad University (Ilam branch) that were studied by census method. Instrument of data gathering was questionnaire that its content validity confirmed by an expert panel. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to evaluate the reliability of the questionnaire and its value was equal to 0.96. Findings of factor analyses showed that the barriers of e-learning included five categories such as: infrastructure barriers, attitudinal barriers, technical, professional barriers, human barriers and educational-skill barriers that these barriers explained 52.53% of the total variance.
- Abdon, B.R., Ninomiya, S., & Raab, R. T. (2007). E-learning in higher education makes its debut in Cambodia: the provincial business education project. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, (1), 1-14.
- Afyooni, S., ForuqiAbri, A., & Yarmohammadian, M. (2013). Feasibility study of implementing elearning courses in Khorasgan branch of the Islamic Azad University (Isfahan). Journal of Research in Curriculum Planning, (12), 80-92.
- Ali, G. E., & Magalhaes, R. (2008). Barriers to implementing e-learning: a Kuwaiti case study. International Journal of Training and Development, 12(1), 36-53.
- Anstead, T., Ginzburg, R., Mike, K., & Belloli, R. (2004). Using technology to further the dine
- college mission. Michigan: University of Michigan Business School. Retrieved 9 December 2009, from http://www.bus.umich.edu/.
- Araste, H., Sobhaninejad, M., & Homaie, R. (2009). Students’ evaluation of universities in Tehran in the era of globalization. Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 14(4), 47-66.
- Asmal, K. (2003). Transforming learning and teaching through ICT, Draft white paper on e-education Retrieved 9 December 2009, from http://www.info.gov.za/view/Downloadfile Action?id=68777
- Atashak, M. (2007). Theoretical and empirical foundations of e-learning. Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 13(1), 135-156.
- Broadbent, B. (2001). Tips to help decide if your organization is ready for e-learning. Retrieved 12 December 2007, from http://www.e-learningHub.com.
- Cahill, R. (2008). What motivates faculty participation in e-learning: A case study of complex factors. Unpublished dissertation, University of St. Thomas, St. Paul, MN.
- Cooper, R. (2004). E-learning in the world. London, England: Falmer.
- Czerniewicz, L., & Brown, C. (2009). A study of the relationship between institutional policy, organizational culture and e-learning use in four South African universities. Computers and Education, 53(1), 121-131.
- Emadzade, M. (2009). Financial support of higher education concerning the government and private. Articles collection on new approaches in higher education (pp. 95-122). Cultural and Social Research Studies of Technology, Research and Science Ministry.
- Farajollahi, M., & Moinikia, M. (2009). Evaluation of PNU student’s satisfaction of e-learning support services. International Conference on E-learning and Technology, 9-10 December. Tehran, Iran.
- Farhadi, R. (2004). E-learning new paradigm in the information age. Iranian Journal of Information and Processing Management, 21(1). 49-66.
- Fariborzi, E., & AbuBakar, K. (2011). E-learning in Iran: Looking at Effectiveness via a Qualitative Study. In International Conference on Humanities, Society and Culture, Singapore. IPEDR , 20, 58-63.
- Fathiaan M., & Poor-Ghahremaani, N. (2009). Study of human factor in accepting virtual education technology. International Conference on E-learning and Technology 9-10 December. Tehran, Iran.
- Frazeen, B. (2006). Technology to enhance the learning Experience. Retrieved from http;//www.Clomedia. com/content/templates/clo.feature.asp?articleid= 218
- Gamble, L. A. (2009). The effectiveness of elearning in a multicultural environment. Unpublished dissertation, School of Business and Technology, Capella University.
- Ghavidel, S., Farjadi, G., Razeghi, H., & Badiei, H. (2012). Forecasting of higher education demand for undergraduate and graduate levels in Iran’s 2025 prospect. Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 18(1), 43-68.
- Hamdi, M. S. (2007). MASACAD: A multiagent approach to information customization for the purpose of academic advising of students. Applied Soft Computing, 7(3), 746-771.
- Hanna, D. E. (2000). Emerging organizational models: The extended traditional university. Higher education in an era of digital competition: Choices and challenges, 93-116.
- Institute for research and planning in higher education(2006). Iran’s National Higher Education Report, Tehran, Iran.
- Jerry, B. (2000). The E-learning Potential; Available at: www.Kdgonline.Com/ webpages/ white paper content2.htm.Jokar. A., & Khasseh, A. (2007). Information sources as a support system in e-learning: case study, students of e-learning courses of Shiraz University. Journal of Research and Planning In Higher Education, 12(1), 90-112.
- Khan, B.H. (2005). Managing e-learning: Design, delivery, implementation and evaluation. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.
- Mayer, R. (2005). IT for education. Oxford, UK: Oxford Miladi, H., & MalekMohammadi, A. (2010). Feasibility study of using e-learning in higher education using factor analysis. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Education Research, 3(1), 15-30.
- Mirza, A. A., & Abdulkareem, M. (2011). Models of e-learning adopted in the Middle East. Computing and Informatics, 9(2), 83-93.
- Mohammadi, D. (2008). Explaining and analyzing the components of e-learning system in scientificapplicable education of Iran agriculture. Unpublished thesis of Agricultural Extension and Education Field, College of Agriculture, Natural Resources, Tehran.
- Mousavi, M., MohammadzadehNasrabadi, M., & PezeshkiRaad, Gh. (2011). Identification and analysis of barriers of use and development of elearning in PNU. Journal of Research and Planningin Higher Education, 17(1), 137-154.
- Murthy, C. S., & Mathur, G. (2008). Designing E-Learning Programs for Rural Social Transformation and Poverty Reduction. Online Submission, 9(1), 169-179. Retrieved from http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr/tojde29/ pdf/article_11.pdf
- Murphy, H., & Terry, H. R. (1998). Opportunities and obstacles for distance education in agricultural education. Journal of Agricultural Education, 39(1), 28-36.
- Naidu, S. (2006). E-learning: A guidebook of principles, procedures and practices. New Delhi, India: Commonwealth Educational Media Center for Asia. Retrieved from http://www.giz.de /Themen/en/dokumente/en-e-learning-guidebook.pdf
- Panitz, T. (2008). Benefits of cooperative learning in relation to student motivation. Retrieved from http://home,capecod.net/Ntpanitz/ebook/. 34- Pawlowski, T. (2006). Information technology
- and education. Leads: Kork. Rabiee, A., Nazarian, Z., & Gharibshaeyan, R. (2013). An explanation for internet use obstacles of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 14(3), 361-376.
- 36- Rezai, M. (2009). Obstacles of the development of e-learning in higher education from the perspective of students. Scientific Research Journal, 24 (3), 61-76.
- Roushan, A. R. (2009). Privatization of high education in Iran. Deputy of Research, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
- Soltani, Sh. (2004). Factors affecting the use of information technology in teaching and research activities of fellows of Shahid Beheshti and Tehran Universities. Unpublished thesis of adult education course, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran.
- Tamajian, S. (2008). Evaluation of e-learning readiness of students and fellows of Tarbiat Modarres University. Unpublished thesis of Agricultural Extension and Education Courses, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran.
- Wilson, R. (2006). E-education in the UK. Journal of Digital Information, 3(4), Retrieved 9 December 2009, from http://journals. tdl.org/ jodi/article/ viwArticle/91/90.
- Yaghoobi, J., Malekmohammadi, I., Irvani, H., & Ataran, M. (2008). Desirable features of students and faculty members involved in e-learning courses in higher education: Students’ perspectives. Journalof Research and Planning in Higher Education,14(1), 159-173.
- Zhai, G., Wang, Y., Li, L., & Miao, H. (2012). Development of Power System Relay Protection Experiment in E-Learning. Procedia Engineering, 29, 2975 – 2979.
- Zhang, W., Niu, J., & Jiang, G. (2002). Webbased education at conventional universities in China: A case study. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 2(2), 1-24.