Document Type: Original Article


1 Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Garmsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar, Iran

2 Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Development, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran


The purpose of this study was to investigate the peripheral factors on reducing the consequences of the targeted subsidies from the view point of greenhouse owners of Semnan Province, Iran. The population of the study comprised greenhouse owners of Semnan Province. The sample size was calculated using Cochran formula and encompassed a number of 287 greenhouse owners. The main research tool used in this study was a questionnaire. SPSS v21was used to analyze the data obtained through the questionnaires. Based on hypotheses and theories, questions were designed, and after testing validity and reliability (based on the dependent variable Cronbach's alpha was calculated equal with 87.8) indices, modifications were performed. To examine the hypotheses of this research, the correlation coefficient was estimated, and a multiple regressions analysis was run. The results showed that current expenses, using the proper structures for constructing greenhouse, method of fuel use, the perfect place of heaters, and the use of skilled workers in the greenhouse  had a key role in reducing the impact of targeted subsidies plan (dependent variable) on greenhouse owners. These variables explained 40.2 per cent of the variance in the dependent variable. 

Graphical Abstract


Using proper structure in building greenhouses may benefit for decreasing unwanted consequences of targeted subsidizing.

Using proper labor for planting and harvesting as well as double glazed cover of the green houses may have an important role in controlling unwanted consequences of targeted subsidizing.

This study showed that there is a positive and meaningful relationship between decreasing unwanted consequences of targeted subsidizing and two variables of green house management improvement trainings and green house cost management trainings.

Regression analysis showed that there is no positive relationship between dependent variable and insurance of crops. So it has been eliminated at the first step.

Green house management improvement trainings and green house cost management trainings has been identified as affecting factors. 


Main Subjects

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