Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh

2 College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P. R. China & Dept. of Agronomy and Agricultural Extension, University of Rajshahi

3 College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P. R. China

4 Department of Agricultural Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

5 Department of Agricultural Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka


The study investigated the effect of Community-Based Paid Extension (CPE) on vulnerability reduction of smallholder dairy farmers. Randomly sampled 255 farmers were interviewed together with 15 key informants’ interview. Both statistical analysis and thematic approach were employed to achieve triangulation. In about 68 % of cases, CPE reduced vulnerability to a degree experienced as ‘moderate’, whereas 20 % of them experienced a ‘high’ reduction in vulnerability. The CPE has addressed wide ranges of vulnerability of smallholder dairy system. The regression analysis confirmed the importance of sustainable and frequent paid extension service at community level. Others factors such as education level of the farmers, use of different interpersonal and mass extension media, as well as positive change in livelihood assets also significantly influence vulnerability reduction of the smallholder dairy farmers. CPE deserves dissemination throughout the country and seeks special dairy extension policy organized around it for rapid rural development. 


CPE addressed a wide ranges of vulnerabilities of the farmers including death of dairy cows

Positive change in education and assets help in reducing vulnerability of the farmers

CPE increases service coverage and reduces public expenditure


Main Subjects

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