Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Professor, Department of Geography, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

Abstract

The gathering of rural type in Guilan plains is a kind of planning for physical development of rural settlements that aims at changing dwellers' lifestyle from a dispersed to a semi-dispersed state. This change will reduce the problems and difficulties of villages. In addition, it is an optimal way to exploit the resources and facilities for making a desirable spatial organization for villagers’ settlement in rural areas, which in turn provides a favorable condition for the development of a new pattern of settlement. The results of this study suggest that experts’ point of view toward gathering of plain rural types in Guilan province is positive and it can have significant role in alleviating the problems and difficulties of the villages. Also, optimal exploitation of space and achieving rural sustainable development are other side effects of this plan.  Because of the low level of information, prominent culture, cultural obstacles and the lack of clear rules and regulations in this field are the main obstacles to run this plan in a short-term period. Given these limitations, the process of gathering plain rural type, then, requires the governmental support, the use of experts in rural development planning, as well as villagers’ cooperation.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Asayesh, H. (2005). Physical planning of rural dwellings. Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Research and Science Branch Tehran, Iran.

Asayesh, H., & Haghzad, A. (2006). Macro policies and goals of rural development in iran in 1400 horizon. The first conference of geography and the 21st century, (26-28 April, Pp. 333-344), Esfahan, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Iran.

Bavaghar, I. (1996). The Reason of Creation of Dispersed rural in Guilan forests and the way of collecting them. Gathering of Articles in seminar on settlement of dispersed rural( 5 November), Hamadan, Housing Foundation of Islamic Revolution, Iran.

Geographical Organization of Army Forces. (1993). Topographical Map of Guilan. Scale: 1:50000.

Housing Foundation of Islamic Revolution . (1996). The way of inhabiting and typification of rural houses in earthquake stricken regions of guilan and zanjan, Tehran.

Mahdavi, M. (1998). An Introduction to Rural Geography in Iran. Tehran, Samt Publications, 1st Volume.

Management and Planning Organization of Guilan Province (2006). Guilan Provinceof Map political. Rasht: Management and Planning Organization of Guilan Province.

Molaei Hashjin, N. (2002). An analysis on the application of geography on planning physical development of village dwellings in Iran. Geographical Space Quarterly, Abhar, 6, 49-66. ,

Molaei Hashjin, N. (2005). Development Document of Rasht Township. Rasht: Management and Planning Organization of Guilan Province.

Molaei Hashjin, N. (2005). Development Document of Masal Township.  Rasht:  Management and Planning Organization of Guilan Province.

Norton, W. (2007). Human Geography. Oxford University Press. ISBN-13:
9780199019557.

Rezvani, M, R. (1996). Policies and Methods of Planning Rural settlement (experienced in England). Gathering of Articles in Seminar on Settlement of Dispersed rural, Hamadan, Housing Foundation  of Islamic Revolution.

Saeedi, A. (1998). Principles of Rural Geography. Tehran, Samt Publications.

Statistical Centre of Iran (2006). Guilan Statistical Yearbook. Retrieved from https://www.amar.org.ir/english/

Zia, E. (2007). Comparative Examination of Spatial-physical Plain and Mountainous Villages with an Emphasis on Measuring the Possibility of Measuring the Gathering of Village Types. Case Study in Parehsar District of Rezvanshahr Township. M.A Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Rasht.