Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Agricultural Extension and Education, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Full Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Tehran University, Iran

3 Full Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


The purpose of this study was to identify external factors affecting strategic management in agricultural knowledge and information system and to examine their relative importance from experts’ point of view. Five factors were identified based on the interviews, examination of relevant literature and previous researches; In line with that, a questionnaire was developed to suit this purpose. Face and content validity of the research instrument verified by the research committee. To determine the reliability of the instrument, a pilot study was conducted with 30 Agriculture - Jihad Organization personnel from Qazvin Province. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach’s Alpha) was computed 0.95, which indicated that the questionnaire had a high reliability index. External factors consisted of sociocultural, policy, economic, technological, and ecological factors. The statistical population was consisted of line and staff experts of Agriculture Organizations of Alborz and Tehran Provinces (N=161). Data was analyzed by SPSSwin20 software. The results showed that sociocultural, economic, ecological, policy and technological factors were the most important external factors affecting strategic management in agricultural knowledge and information respectively.


Sociocultural, economic, ecological, policy, technological factors can be improve the application of strategic management in knowledge and agricultural information system.

Sociocultural factor is the most important effective factor on application of strategic management in knowledge and agricultural information system.

Technological factor is the least important effective factor on application of strategic management in knowledge and agricultural information system.


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