Document Type: Original Article


1 M.A. in Entrepreneurship, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Economics Group, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Razi


The main objective of the present study was to explore the barriers to the development of agricultural businesses in the incubator of Razi University, Iran. The research was an applied study in terms of objective and an exploratory mixed method in terms of data collection methodology. The statistical population was composed of agricultural businesses and their personnel in the incubator of Razi University in the qualitative phase and of the agricultural experts in the quantitative phase, as well. The samples for both qualitative and quantitative phases were taken by purposive sampling method. Ten people were sampled for the qualitative phase, and three were sampled for the quantitative phase. In qualitative phase, data were collected by semi-structured interviews that were kept on until theoretical saturation. Then, the content of the interviews was analyzed to classify the data. In quantitative phase, a questionnaire was developed according to the results of the first phase and was administered to the experts. Data were analyzed by the Analytical Hierarchy process method using Expert Choice Software Package. The results revealed that in-incubator agricultural businesses are challenged with a lot of barriers to their development. They were classified in five main categories including knowledge-skill, structural-legal, business-production environment, support-facility limitations, and administrative-financial. Among these factors, support-facility limitations were ranked the first with relative importance (weight of 0.237).


Main Subjects

Adibnia, F. A., & Hosseiny, M. R. (2006). The evaluation criteria for tenants of incubator. Journal of Science Technology Park and Incubators, 1(4), 26-31.

Aghajani, H. A., & Talebnejad, A. (2011). A comparative assessment of the performance of the technology Incubators of selected in Iran. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 4(13), 149-165.

Ataei, M. (2016). Multicriteria decision making (3th ed). Sharood: Sharood University, Iran.

Ghodsipour, S. H. (2012). Analytical hierarchy process (11th ed.). Tehran: Amirkabir University of Technology, Iran.

Karimi, A, Bankipour, B., & Ahmadpour Daryani, M. (2014). Analysis of the Mechanisms of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) development in Qazvin Province. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 7(2), 305-326.

Lesáková, L. (2012). The role of business incubators in supporting the SME Start-up.Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, 9 (3), 85-95.

Malekzadah, Gh., & Kazemi, M. (2011). Factors influencing early stage performance of small firms: Case study (science and technology parks incubators small firms). Journal of Business Administration Explore, 2(3), 140-169.

Mas-Verdú, F., Ribeiro-Soriano, D., & Roig-Tierno, N. (2015). Firm survival: The role of incubators and business characteristics. Journal of Business Research, 68 (4), 793–796.

Ouladian, M. Seif NARAGHI, M. Naderi, E. A., & Shariatmadari, A. (2010). Tehran University Entrepreneurship Graduates’ and Tehran Entrepreneurs’ Viewpoints to provide an appropriate curriculum for educational management and programming at BA Level. Modern Thought in Education5(2), 81-103.

Saaty, T.L. (1994). How to make a decision: the analytic hierarchy process. Interfaces, 24(6), 19–43.

Seyedi, D., & Taghikhani, A. (2012). Obstacles to the development of entrepreneurship and the role of government in facilitating entrepreneurship development. Monthly of work and Community, 135, 76-80. (In Persian).

Schwartz, M., & Hornich, C. (2010). Cooperation patterns of incubator firms and the impact of incubator specialization: Empirical evidence from Germany. Technovation, 30 (9-10), 485-495.

Somsuk, N., & Laosirihongthong, T. (2013). A fuzzy AHP to prioritize enabling factors for strategic management of university business incubators: Resource-based view. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 85, 1-13.

Stal, E. Andreassi. T., & Fujino, A. (2016). The role of university incubators in stimulating academic entrepreneurship. Innovation & Management Review, 13(2), 89-98.

Tabrizi, M. (2014). Qualitative content analysis approach of deductive and inductive. Journal of Social Science, 21(64), 105-138.

Tola, A., & Vittoria Contini, M. (2014). From the diffusion of innovation to tech parks, business incubators as a model of economic development: The case of “SardegnaRicerche”. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 494 – 503.

Tsai, W., & Kuo, H. (2011). Entrepreneurship policy evaluation and decision analysis for. Expert Systems with Applications, 38, 8343-8351.

Van Cann, R. (2013).Universities and Incubators. Expert from thesis entitled. Key decisions in the start-up phase of successful software companies.

Wonglimpiyarat, J. (2016). The innovation incubator, university business incubator and technology transfer strategy: The case of Thailand. Technology in Society, 46, 1-15.