Document Type : Review Article


1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bandar-e Anzali Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar-e Anzali, Iran


Multifunctional agriculture (MFA) has emerged as a key concept in science and politics with respect to the future of agriculture and rural development in the recent decade. Overall, MFA implies that in addition to their main function in production and support of rural livelihood, the agricultural activities have some other advantages for the environment including the conservation of water and soil resources and the enhancement of food security. This paper takes a look at the benefits of MFA as a concept and path toward agricultural development from an integrated perspective within the framework of sustainable development. Also, it tries to clarify the distinction between MFA and conventional agriculture in sustainable development approaches.

Graphical Abstract

Multifunctional Agriculture: Agriculture Renewal as a Modern Paradigm for Agriculture and Rural Development


MFA is a new and necessary paradigm of rural development.

MFA implies that farming has productive (food, fiber, and wood production) as well as non-productive functions (creation of employment and income, empowerment of social capital, conservation of biodiversity and genetic diversity, empowerment of rural industries, and beautiful landscapes).


Main Subjects

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