Document Type: Original Article

Author

Federal College of Wildlife Management, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Nigeria

Abstract

Group dynamics features are important factors for improving farmers’ socio-economic status. This study focused on the effect of group dynamics features on the socio-economic status of cocoa farmers in Ogun State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 93 cocoa farmers for the study. Descriptive statistics and linear regression were used to analyze the data. Results showed that the mean monetary value of their material possessions, income generated from the cocoa producer per production cycle per year and other agricultural production activities were 9,819,796.60 Naira, 2,693,900 Naira and 1,887,400 Naira respectively. Majority (51.7%) of the cocoa farmers are of moderate socioeconomic status (M=4,800,365.53 Naira). Results showed that the group dynamics features of the cocoa farmers are high in group cohesion (M=31.04) and leadership dynamism (M=25.75) while it is low in group attitude and behavior (M=23.09), discipline, trust and accountability (M=17.76) and group rapport (M=14.47). The results of linear regression revealed that farming experience (β=0.301) and educational level (β=0.561) significantly (p< 0.01) increased the socio-economic status of the cocoa farmers. The study concluded that personal characteristics can influence cocoa farmers’ socio-economic status and their group dynamics features. The study recommended that cocoa farmers’ personal characteristics (educational level and farming experience) should be improved through intervention programs, training and sensitization as this will translate into better-quality group dynamics features thereby enhancing their socio-economic status.

Highlights

  • Cocoa farmers make a reasonable income as revenue per production cycle of cocoa and other agricultural production activities and because of this, they acquire more materials over time to secure themselves.
  • Cocoa farmers’ group dynamics features were high in group cohesion and leadership dynamism while it was low in group attitude and behavior, discipline, trust and accountability and group rapport.
  • There was a significant impact of cocoa farmers’ farming experience and educational level on their socio-economic status.
  • There was a significant relationship between the educational level of cocoa farmers and their group dynamics features (discipline, trust and accountability of cocoa farmers).

Keywords

Main Subjects

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