Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Agricultural Extension and Education Dep., Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran


The main purpose of the study was to analyze the entrepreneurial competencies of the managers of rural women cooperative (RWC) in Hamedan province. The study used a survey method with a questionnaire as the main instrument. Data were collected from a sample of 105 managers. The validity of the questionnaire was verified by a panel of experts and its reliability was measured using Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α=0.94). Entrepreneurial competencies of managers were classified into eight factors, including “having strategic goals”, “ability to monitor and organize subordinates”, “risk-taking”, “ability to motivate and trust people”, “having a positive attitude and criticism”, “ability to identify and understand the needs of customers”, “public relation ability”, and “acquiring and applying skills and energy”. Structural equation modeling (SEM) by LISREL8.8 software was used to estimate a model for the entrepreneurial competencies of RWC managers. Results of SEM showed a good fit of the model with eight factors described before. The fit indices were placed in three main groups including goodness of fit index, comparative fit index, and parsimonious goodness of fit index. The results showed an excellent fit of the indices selected to measure the entrepreneurial competencies of RWC managers with observed variables in Hamedan province.

Graphical Abstract

Entrepreneurial Competencies of Managers in Hamedan's Rural Women Cooperatives (RWC)


  • We analyzed entrepreneurial competences of rural women’s cooperative managers in Hamedan.
  • Entrepreneurial competencies of managers were classified in eight factors.
  • Developing strategic goals, ability to monitor and organize subordinates, risk taking were the most important competencies.
  • The variables and indices in this research showed an excellent fit to measure entrepreneurial competencies of rural women’s cooperative managers.


Main Subjects

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