Document Type : Original Article


Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran


Information literacy embraces the ability to access useful information and to have the awareness of organizing knowledge and information which require different search methods and most effective diagnostic information for problem solving and decision-making. Those who lack these abilities are continuously confused in the vast ocean of information. This study investigated designing model of educators’ information literacy at agricultural technical schools in Mazandaran Province, Iran. The date analyses methods used in this study involved a combination of descriptive and quantitative research. The statistical population consisted of 155 educators of agricultural technical schools in Mazandaran Province. The questionnaire validity was approved by the university professors and many of the educational system experts. The theta coefficients for each section were between 80 and 95 percent. The descriptive and inferential statistics and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the data using SPSS16 and Smart PLS2 software. The results showed that the educators had good information literacy. It was found that four variables of the field of study, work experience, age and social factor determined 66.3 percent of the variance in educators’ information literacy at agricultural technical schools.

Graphical Abstract

Designing Educators’ Information Literacy Model at the Agricultural Technical Schools in Mazandaran Province, Iran


  • This study investigated designing model of educators’ information literacy at agricultural technical schools in Mazandaran Province, Iran.
  • Four variables determined 66.3 percent of the variance in educators’ information literacy.
  • Work experience, age and organizational factor had the highest impact on information literacy, respectively.


Main Subjects

Abdi, F. (2010). Information literacy at Imam Ali University of Physical Education (AS). Journal of Scientific and Research Management of Military, 40, 69-86.
Akbari Darian, S., Mohammadi, F., & Shakeri, P. (2013). Measuring the information literacy of the referrals of the National Library and Archives of the Islamic Republic of Iran according to the ACRL standards. Information Systems and Services, 1(2), 95-85.
Bakhtiari, L., Ghadampour, AS., Bakhtiari, M., & Sadin, AS. (2014). Comparison of information literacy and social skills of students undergoing distance education and traditional education. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 4 (3), 49-63.
Bakhtiyarzadeh, A. (2002). Studying the information literacy of Alzahra University Students. Unpublished thesis in Librarianship and Information. Tehran: Faculty of Management and Medical Information, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Bardestani, M. (2004). Studying information literacy among Shahid Chamran University Students in Ahwaz. Educational articles for users and development of information literacy in libraries and information centers, 1st and 2nd of Khordad. Mashhad, Organization of Libraries, Museums and Documents Center of Astan Quds Razavi, Iran.
Barimani, A., & Rasooli, S. C. (2017). Relationship between literacy and life skills of primary school teachers. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 8(1), 22-5.
Bebbington, S., & Vellino, A. (2015). Can playing Minecraft improve teenagers’ information literacy?.Journal of Information Literacy, 9(2), 6-26.
Chin, W. (1988). The partial least squares approach to structural equation modeling. In G.A. Marcoulides, editor. Modern methods for business research. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 295-303.
Cobus, L. (2008). Integrating information literacy into the education of public health professionals: Roles for librarians and the library. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 96(1), 28-33.
Chiang, Y. C., Wang, T. C., & Chen, Y. H. (2007). A study of information literacy of elementary school teachers. Proceedings of 6th WSEAS International Conference on Education and Educational Technology (EDU’07), Venice, Italy, November 21-23. pp   274-278.
Davarrpanah, MR., Seyamak, M., & Ghasemi, AH. (2007). Validity of information literacy of   Students. Tehran, Dabezesh.  pp: 8-9.
Durodolu, O. O. (2018). Information literacy, self-concept and metacognitive ability of teacher-librarians at the University of Zululand, Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 1673.
Enayati, T., & Erfani, N. (2014). Investigation of information literacy among students in technical schools of Sari based on information literacy standards. Journals of Modern Media and Education, 1(3), 5-16.
Fornell, C., & Larcker, DF. (1981). Evaluating structural equations models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50.
Gefen, D., & Straub, DW. (2005). A practical guide to factorial validity using PLS-Graph: Tutorial and annotated example. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 16(5), 91-109.

Hashemi, S. A., Hemati, A., & Abbasi, A. (2012). A study on the information literacy of the faculty members of IAU Region One. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 2(10), 105-126.

His, H., & Yeong, C. (2013).  Factors affecting computer literacy of College Students in Taiwan [Internet]. Retrieved  from
Jill Boruff, T., and& Thomas, A. (2011). Integrating evidence-based practice and information literacy skills in teaching physical and occupational therapy students. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 28(4), 264-272.
Kline, R. B. (2011). Principle and practice of structural equation modeling. 2nd edition, the cuilford press. A Division of Guilford publications, Inc. 72 spring street New York, NY 10012.
Malekipour, A., & Malekipour, M. (2013). A review of the status of information literacy standards among the employees of Dehloran education department. Media, 4(3), 23-42.
Mazandaran Provincial Education Directorate. (2017). The status of agricultural technical schools in Mazandaran Province. Ministry of Education, Iran.
Naderi, M., Shahrabadi, E., Rezaeian, M., & Hadavi, M. (2013). Evaluation of the information literacy of the students at Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in Year 2010. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, 12(8), 631-640
Nazari, M. (2005). Information literacy. Tehran: Iranian Information and Documentation Center.
Nwachulwu Arua, G., Eze, O. C., Maryann Ebisi, E., Ukwuaba, H. O., Ezeanuna, G. F., & Patience Nwebiem, Ch. (2018). Information literacy for empowering the society: The readiness of libraries, librarians and other stakeholders, Satellite Meeting paper: Africa, 22-23 August 2018, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Libraries as Centers of Community Engagements for Development.
Rahimi, H., Yazdkhasty, A., & Feizi, Z. (2014). Status of information literacy among normal and smart school teachers in Kashan. Journal of Information Systems and Services, 3(1 and 2), 91-102.
Scherer, R., Rohatgi, A., & Hatlevik, O. E. (2017). Students' profiles of ICT use: Identification, determinants, and relations to achievement in a computer and information literacy test. Computers in Human Behavior, 70, 486-499.
Wema, E., & Hepworth, M. (2007).  An evaluation of an information literacy training initiative at the University of Dar es Salaam. Journal of Information Literacy, 1(1), 1- 12.
Zamani, B. B. A. (2012). Factors affecting users' information needs. Journal of Information Research and Public Libraries, 70, 427- 448.
Zamani, B. B. A. (2007). Information literacy standards. Journal of Information Science, 19, (1 and 2), 34-41.