Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 PhD Student in Soil Physics and Conservation, Soil Science Department, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Soil Science, Agricultural Faculty, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran,

3 Assistant Professor of Agriculture, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran

4 Associate Professor of Soil Science, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran

Abstract

Agricultural wastes and their management is one of the important issues in agriculture which in most cases, farmers find it easy to dispose of them by burning. I In order to investigate the effects of burning the crop residues on some physical properties of the soil and rice yield, pests, diseases and common weeds in the province, 1800 m land plot (including 18 plots of 10 × 10 m2) was selected. The experiment was carried out in a factorial arrangement in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The treatments consisted of different tillage methods (non-plowing, autumn plowing and winter plowing), and management of crop residues (residues burning and residues conservation). The results showed that residues conservation with plowing led to an increase in the amount of organic matter by 51.0%, which before the implementation of the treatments was 2.18% and after applying the treatments showed 2.69%.According to the results, the rate of emergence of rice stem borer pest in burning of residues treatment with non-tillage treatment with a value of 2.66% showed more significant effect in compare with residues burning treatment and plowing in autumn and winter with a value of 0.66%. Applying treatments also had a significant effect on weed populations and its amount was 2.87% for burning treatment and 1.88% for residues conservation and led to decrease of weed populations. Residues conservation, along with tillage, also had a significant effect on the yield and resulted in an increase in 1000-grain weight.

Keywords