Document Type : Review Article


1 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.

2 2- PhD of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Department of Agro-economy, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

3 3- PhD of Agricultural Extension and Education, Shiraz University

4 Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, Department of Agricultural Extension & Education –College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


At recent decades, climate change and variation includes drought has had a great impact on agricultural systems and has caused serious challenges for farmers to adapt to such impacts, especially to smallholder farmers. With severe weather events and their adverse effects in worldwide especially in arid regions, adaptation of agricultural sector to these changes is very critical. Thus, farmers need to make complex decisions to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change or take advantages of new opportunities. One of the important aspects for policy makers to assist farmers in order to adapt to climate change effects such as drought is precise understanding of farmers’ decision-making process, along with factors that affect their decisions in facing the climate change. This article aimed to provide a conceptual framework of influencing factors in farmers’ decision-making model for adaptation to climate change and clarify the relationship between these factors. According to the results, household characteristics, economic factors, knowledge, motives and goals, perceived outcomes of adaptation, social & personal norms, perception of climate change, risk and obstacles perception, attitude toward, future perception of, and evaluation of climate change and adaptation activities can influence farmers’ decision making for adaptation to climate change