Document Type : Original Article


Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran


Occupational performance serves as one of the most influential components in organizations incorporating an important part of organizational studies. One of the factors that is expected to lead performance in contravention of the organization's goals is the problem of job burnout. Therefore, the aim of this research was to investigate the job burnout role on occupational performance of experts in Jihad Agriculture Organization of Mazandaran, Iran. The statistical population comprised 255 experts; 155 experts were selected for the study using stratified random sampling. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire composed of two sections of job burnout section encompassing issues on emotional fatigue, personal accomplishment failure, depersonalization and conflict, and occupational performance section covering areas like ability, role clarity, support, encouragement, assessment, credibility and environment. The content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by experts' opinions. Also, based on the average variance extracted (0.554 >AVE< 0.741) and composite reliability (0.846 >CR < 0.944), the questionnaire had a convergent validity and appropriate reliability. SPSS16 and Smart PLS2 software were used to analyze the data. The achieved results of the research showed that job burnout had a significant negative impact on occupational performance of experts in Jihad Agriculture Organization. According to the achieved results of the research, it is recommended to create incentives such as giving responsibility to experts and encouraging and respecting them.

Graphical Abstract

Job Burnout Role on the Occupational Performance of Experts in Jihad Agriculture Organization of Mazandaran Province, Iran


  • Job burnout had a significant negative impact on occupational performance.
  • Job burnout divided among four dimensions of emotional fatigue, personal accomplishment failure, depersonalization and conflict
  • Occupational performance divided among seven dimensions of ability, role clarity, support, encouragement, assessment, credibility, and environment


Main Subjects

Abazari, Z., & Khajelhali Jahantighi, Z. (2017). Survey of burnout syndrome and its relation with the job satisfaction of the public librarians of Sistan and Baluchestan. Journal of Knowledge and Information Management, 3(1), 59-68.
Agha Yosefi, A., & Saleh Mirhasani, V. (2011). The relationship between personality factors and occupational performance of insurance companies’ managers. Insurance Research Journal, 26(4), 155-182.
Amiri, M., Asadi, M., & Delbari Ragheb, F. (2011). Investigating the job burnout status among bank employees and providing solutions for improving it. Journal of Business Management, 3(7), 37-56.
Babu, A.R., Singh, Y.P., & Sachdeva, R.K. (2002). Managing human resources within extension. In: Burton E. Swanson, Robert P. Bentz, Andrew J. Sofranko (eds). "Improving Agricultural extension. A reference manual". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Bakhshi, A., Kalantari, R., & Salimi, N. (2017). Assessment of job performance and its determinants in healthcare workers in Islamabad-e Gharb City based on ACHIVE Model in 2016. Journal of Arak University of Medical Sciences, 20(2), 1-9.
Barabadi, M. Golparvar, M., & Atashpour, S. (2015). The role of job demands, job resources, and burnout in the prediction of task performance. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, 16, 1(59), 13-21.
Barati Ahmadabadi, H., Oreizi, H. R. & Nouri, A. (2010). Relationship between organization climate and work conscientiousness with job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 4(1), 65-81.
Chen, Ch. F., & Kao, Y. (2011). Investigating the antecedents and consequences of burnout and isolation attendants, among flight. Tourism Management, 33(4), 868-874.
Chin, W. (1988). The partial least squares approach to structural equation modeling. In G.A. Marcoulides, editor. Modern methods for business research. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 295-303.
Ezheie, J., Khodapanahi, M., Fathi Ashtiani, A., & Sabeti, A. (2009). The interaction between personality and extra-motivating styles in occupational performance. Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 3(4), 301-310.
Fouladband, F. (2006). Occupational fatigue, causes, and solutions. Health Weekly, 106(3), 8.
Gharehbiglo, H. (2018). The role of burnout on the individual performance of employees in 13 regional Islamic Azad University. Journal of New Psychological Research, 13(50), 137-151.
Hejazi, S.Y., & Shams, A. (2005). Investigation of factors affecting for job performance of agricultural extension experts. Knowledge Management, 68, 31-44.
Henseler, J., Ringle, C.M., & Sinkovics, R. (2009). The use of partial least squares path modeling in international marketing. Advances in International Marketing, 20, 277-319.
Hsieh, H.L., Huang, L.C. & Su. K.J. (2004). Work stress and job performance in the hitech industry: A closer view for vocational Eeducation. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education, 3(1), 17-34.
Jeldkar, M. (2000). Comparing the job burnout of nurses in psychiatric and non-psychiatric wards of the medical centers of Noor, Farabi and Modares Rehabilitation center, Master thesis in Psychology, Khorasgan Azad University (Isfahan)
Jia-Chern, C., Chin-Hsien, H., & Tu-Kuang, H. (2016). A study into the impact of occupational burnout on the job performance of enterprises’ employees. The Journal of Global Business Management, 12(2), 173-185.
Khamaki, A., & Mostaghimi, M. (2013). Investigating the relationship between job burnout and the performance of doctors and nurses in Hakim Jorjani Hospital of Gorgan, Second National Conference on Modern Management Science, Gorgan, Hakim Jorjani Non-Profit Higher Education Institute.
Laiba, D., Anum, A., Muhammad, A., & Kashif, U. (2011). Impact of stress on employees job performance in business sector of Pakistan. Global Journal of Management and Business Research, 11(6), 1-6.
Lee, U.K. (2017). International tourism advertisements on social media: Impact of argument quality and source. Sustainability, 9, 1-18.
Mahdizadeh Ashrafi, A., & Ilka, H. (2009). Investigating the relationship between Quality of Work Life (QWL) and the performance of employees of the Islamic Azad University of Firoozkooh based on the Walton Model. Management Quarterly, 7(20), 1-8.
Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of Occupational Behavior, 2(2), 99-113.
Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W.B., & Leiter, M.P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 397-422.
Mohd Nor, M. (2011). Auditor stress: Antecedents and relationships to audit quality. Theses, Edith Coan University, Retrieved from
Natasha, K., Brian. B., Karl, P., & Dragan, I. (2015). Work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12, 652-666.
Nunnally, J.C. (1967). Psychometric theory, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Nunnally, J.C. & Bernstein, I.H. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed), New York: McGraw-Hill.
Safi, M., Mohammadi, F., Amuzadeh, I., & Arshi, Sh. (2015). Investigating the relationship between managers’ leadership style with job satisfaction and burnout in the north of Tehran health center. Community Health, 2(2), 88-97.
Sarason, A., & Sarason, B. (1992). Morbid psychology, translated by Bahman Najjarian et al., Volume 1, Roshd Publishing (Release Date in English, 1984).
Sheikhehpour, Z., Ebrahimi, A., Sheikhehpour, M., & Zeinali, Sh. (2015). Investigating the relationship between Islamic work ethic and job burnout among instructors of Islamic Azad and Payam-e-Noor University. Journal of Islamic Management, 23(1), 225-241.
Shukla, A., & Trivedi, T. (2008). Burnout in Indian teachers. Asia Pacific Education Review, 9(3), 320-334.
Sina, H., Karimzadeh, S., Nazem, F., & Ahmadi, A. (2014). Presenting a structural model for predicting the job burnout dimensions based on quality of working life, organizational commitment and Knowledge management of female managers of Islamic Azad University, regional 1. Women and Society, 1, 5(2), 1-18.
Sohrabi, M., Jobehdar, A., & Kouhestani, R. (2018). Examination the effect of decent selection of managers on their service performance based on Gold Smith Model (Case Study of Gilan Province Police Command in 2016). Journal of Law Enforcement of Gilan, 7(25), 108-142.
Ulimwengu, J., Randriamamonjy, J., & Badibanga, T. (2016). Factors affecting performance of agricultural extension: Evidence from Democratic Republic of Congo. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 22(2), 113-143.
Vakili N., GolParvar, M., & Ateshpour, H. (2009). The role of job characteristics, transformational leadership and goal difficulty on the performance of the employees of Ehya Fold Sepahan Company. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, 39, 1-22.
Yemeni, M. (1994). A systemic approach for the study of educational performance, Adult Education Journal, 15, 65-81.
Zakerian, S.A., Mosaferchi, S., Sepidarkesh, M., Mortezapour Sufiani, A., Momenian, S., Nasiri, Z., Zakerian, S., & Yasseri, M. (2018). The role of individual effective factors on nurses' job performance. A Case Study: selected hospitals in Tehran. Tibbi-i-kar Research Center of Industry Related Diseases, 10(1), 54-61.