Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. Graduate of Rural Development, Agricultural Extension and Education Department, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Agricultural Extension and Education Department, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


In recent decades, unsustainable human activities have had devastating and irreversible effects on environmental, social, and even economic sustainability; thereby leaving countries and governments with many problems, including migration, marginalization, increasing poverty, and class disparities. It has been argued that integrating Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) into corporate structures and economic activities (including rural cooperatives) can make outstanding contributions to recovering from past shortcomings and neglect of the natural environment. This requires identifying factors affecting CSR activities in rural cooperation. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to increase CSR-related activities among the stakeholders of rural cooperatives at Kamyaran township (N=14100). A researcher-made questionnaire was used to achieve the research purpose. The validity and reliability of the research instrument were confirmed by an expert panel and Cronbach’s coefficient (α ≥ 0.71). Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Findings showed a positive and significant relationship between supportive, monitoring and directional strategy (SMDS), regularity and mental and structural ability (RMSA), and participatory mechanism (PM) with CSR level in rural cooperatives. Moreover, stepwise regression findings indicated that the identified factors accounted for 36.4 percent of the variance in CSR.

Graphical Abstract

Dimensions of Corporate Social Responsibility in Rural Cooperatives


  • CSR is a way for enterprises to achieve sustainable development goals.
  • Integration of social responsibility into the structure of enterprises requires a systematic view of the effective factors and taking into account the outcome of the effects of all of them.
  • The ethical outlook of CSR plays a remarkable role for the corporations to fulfill their social commitments.
  • As increase the level of competition among cooperatives and cooperatives independent of government budgets their social responsibility to the local community were decreases.


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