1. The Theory of Political Tariff Protection for Agricultural Sector in Developing Countries

Yaser Feizabadi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 1-5

Abstract
  This paper aims to analyze tariff protection policies in the agricultural sector of developing countries. The agricultural tariff structure in developing countries is characterized by: i) high average tariffs, ii) the existence of tariff escalation, iii) dispersion of nominal tariffs across tariff lines, ...  Read More

2. Which Will Overcome? The Productivity or Risk Premium

Javad Shahraki; Shahram Saeedian

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 7-17

Abstract
  The study investigates consumers’ preference for cowpea reflected in the Nigerian markets through price discounts and premiums that consumers pay for different cowpea characteristics. The price data used for this study were obtained through a market survey. A common data collection protocol was ...  Read More

3. Consumers’ Preference for Cowpea in Nigeria

Kalu Ukpai Ifegwu; Joshua Olusegun Ajetomobi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 19-26

Abstract
  The study investigates consumers’ preference for cowpea reflected in the Nigerian markets through price discounts and premiums that consumers pay for different cowpea characteristics. The price data used for this study were obtained through a market survey. A common data collection protocol was ...  Read More

4. Application of Linear and Non-linear Programming Model to Assess the Sustainability of Water Resources in Agricultural Patterns

Seyed Abolghasem Mortazavi; Reza Hezareh; Sina Ahmadi Kaliji; Samira Shayan Mehr

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 27-32

Abstract
  Water resources sustainability is one of the major issues in the agricultural sustainability. In this study sustainability of water resources has been investigated by use of linear and non-linear models in six models based on optimal utilization of water resources in the north parts farms of Iran because ...  Read More

5. Analyzing the Effect of the Water Reduce Subsidies on GDP

Seyed Mahdi Hosseyni; Javad Shahraki

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 33-40

Abstract
  The objective of this work is to analyze the effects of decrease in water subsidies (increase in the price of the water) on various economic sectors in order to promote the conservation of this resource based on the actual price of water. But over the past decades, various subsidizing methods hold the ...  Read More

6. The Need for a Strong Public-Private Linkage in Agricultural Extension System (Case Study: Sari Township, Iran)

Amir Ahmadpour; Shohreh Soltani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 41-50

Abstract
  Relationship between public and private sector is becoming an increasingly important issue in management of agricultural extension services. The need for a strong linkage could be identified as the gap between desirable and current situation. In this research, the differences among current and desirable ...  Read More

7. Factors Influencing the Use of and Attitude of Using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Agricultural Extension, A Study in the Isfahan Province of Iran

Zahra Haji Hashemi; Gholamreza Pezeshki Rad; Mohammad Chizari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 51-60

Abstract
  Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly influencing human beings and are changing our attitudes towards these technologies. The purpose of this article is to understand the factors influencing the use of ICTs in agricultural extension through a descriptive research method. ...  Read More

8. Increasing the Effectiveness of the Russian Grain Market

Nazarova Varvara; Khrabrova Valentina

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 61-71

Abstract
  Considering the current upward drift in farm use all over the world, the Russian agro-food market has immense possibilities to create such economic conditions under which the farming sector could develop dynamically. The increase in the grain production is of crucial importance for all agricultural branches. ...  Read More

9. Identifying Indicators of Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture in Paddy Fields of Guilan Province

Ali Mohammadi Torkashvand; Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari; Zahra Daghighi Masuleh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2014, Pages 73-79

Abstract
  In recent years, agriculture has become the prime polluter of natural resources. It is therefore essential to make assessments based on reliable indicators to ensure that an agricultural system remains not only productive, but also ecologically sound. A large area of arable land in Guilan province is ...  Read More