Original Article Family and social enterprise
1. Role of Social Capital in Citrus Growers’ Empowerment in Sari County, Northern Iran

Mehdi Charmchian Langerodi

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 397-408

Abstract
  The study aimed at investigating the role of social capital in citrus growers’ empowerment in Sari County. The statistical population comprised 12 800 citrus growers in Sari County. The stratified random sampling was employed in this study in an attempt to recruit 291 individuals ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Management
2. Farming Techniques, Environmental Challenges, and Technical Efficiency of Sweet Potato Production in Abia State, Nigeria

Nnamdi Ehirim; Glory Ben-Chendo; Stephen Onyeagocha; Ubon Essien; Emeka Osuji; Melissa Okwara

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 409-420

Abstract
  Viable sweet potato production is hard to achieve with indiscriminate use of farm inputs, resulting to wastage and environmental damages, as consequences are common problems of arable crop farming in Abia State. Issues arising from farm input use and their corresponding implications for environment called ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Structures
3. Rural Development Factors with an Emphasis on the Role of Cooperatives in Guilan Province, Iran

Hussein Asdaghpoor; Zahra Amiri

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 421-429

Abstract
  Rural development is a process involving local people in solving their problems. As a strategy designed to improve the social and economic well-being of rural populations, rural developmentundoubtedlysupportsnation-widedevelopmentina country like Iran with a rural-basedsociety. Theconstitutionof the ...  Read More

Original Article Education and training
4. An Investigation of the Factors Influencing Entrepreneurial Intention of Senior Agricultural Students at Shiraz University

Ehsan Masoomi; Naser Zamani; Khadijeh Bazrafkan; Mohammadreza Akbari

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 431-437

Abstract
  The increasing number of students graduating in agricultural majors and the limited employment opportunities supplied by the government suggest the importance of developing students’ entrepreneurship competencies and improving their entrepreneurial intentions. Therefore, it is necessary to identify ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Management
5. Measurement of Technical Efficiency and Production Risk in Zabol Dairy Farms

Javad Shahraki; Mosayeb Pahlavani; Nasrin Ohadi

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 439-448

Abstract
  Given entrepreneurs’ special role in the economic growth and development, many developed and developing countries are attempting to motivate more number of people who have entrepreneurial characteristics towards entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial activities. The purpose of this research was to ...  Read More

Original Article Family and social enterprise
6. Institutionalizing Entrepreneurship in Side Industries of Agriculture in Khouzestan Province, Iran

Ahmadreza Ommani

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 449-457

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was assessment of institutionalizing level of entrepreneurship in citrus processing and complementary industries in Khouzestan Province, Iran. The method of research was descriptive. The statistical population comprised managers of complementary and processing industry of citrus ...  Read More

Original Article Decision-making
7. Entrepreneurial Strategies of Enhancing Competitive Advantage of Medicinal Herbs in Ilam Province, Iran

Mohammad Jasemi; Homayoon Moradnezhadi; Mohammad Salavarz

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 459-466

Abstract
  Finding new ways to compete in competitive markets is the essence of strategic thinking and marketing strategy. This issue has always been addressed by the experts and scholars of economics and management overrecent decades. In this regard, the present study explores the entrepreneurial strategies to ...  Read More

Original Article Family and social enterprise
8. A Survey on the Existence of Price Discrimination Behavior in Iran’s Saffron Exporting Market by Using PTM Model

Elahe Mahmoodi; Majid Mahmoodi

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 467-474

Abstract
  One of the most important effects of exchange rate movementsisitseffecton the exporting price of different products. According to the new trade theories, market structure plays an important role in relating exchange rate depreciations to price declines. In Iran, exchange rate has increased in recent ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Management
9. Evaluation of Palm Groves Technical Efficiency Using Bootstrap Data Envelopment Analysis: A Case Study of Roodkhanehbar Area, Iran

Gholamreza Zamanian; Mostafa Khajeh Hassani

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 475-487

Abstract
  Roodkhnehbar area, having approximately 111 thousands of Keriteh palm trees, is one of the most important areas of date production in the Rudan County[1]and the source of peoples’ income in this area, directly or indirectly. As a result, its production efficiency has a critical importance to the ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Structures
10. Factors Affecting Farmers' Satisfaction: Case of Agricultural Production Cooperatives in Guilan Province, Iran

Mohammad Taleghani; Mehran Mehdizade

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 489-495

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to identify and prioritize factors affecting farmers’ level of satisfaction in agricultural production cooperatives ofGuilan Province, Iran. To this aim, library studies were conducted, and 15 factors affecting farmers’ satisfaction were identified. Next, they wereprioritized ...  Read More

Original Article Environmental policy and management
11. Perceived Effects of Poor Road Transportation Network on Crop Production in Kaiama Local Government Area of Kwara State, North Central Nigeria

Lateef Lawal Adefalu; Oluwasogo David Olorunfemi; Latifat Kehinde Olatinwo; Yusuf Olatunji

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 497-503

Abstract
  This paper examines the effect of the poor road transportation network on crop production in one of the rural agrarian local government of Kwara State, Nigeria. A well-structured interview schedule was conducted to elicit information from 120 crop farmers using a two-stage sampling technique. Findings ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Management
12. Measuring the Technical Efficiency of Canola Farmers and Determining the Effective Factors in Tabriz County, Iran

Sepideh Rostami Dolatabadi; Mohammad Ghahremanzadeh

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 505-513

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was to measure the technical efficiency of canola farmers and determine the underpinning factors. Required data were collected using stratified random sampling method and questionnaire survey. In this context, 157 canola farmers from Tabriz County, Iran, ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Management
13. The Analysis of Iran Cotton Producers’ Risk Degree Based on Non-Linear Mean-Standard Deviation Model

Ebrahim Moradi; Asma Abdollahi Darmian

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 515-523

Abstract
  As regards decreasing cotton cultivation in Iran during these years, the degree of risk taken by a cotton cultivator in the agricultural part is important. The studies showed that the cotton crop yield during the past years did not have enough growth and the cotton cost product in the period of study ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Management
14. Impact of Peripheral Factors on Reducing the Consequences of the Targeted Subsidies from the Greenhouse Owners' View Point: The Case of Semnan Province, Iran

Mohammad Sadegh Sabouri; Siavash Noori; Mostafa Karbasioun

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 525-530

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was to investigate the peripheral factors on reducing the consequences of the targeted subsidies from the view point of greenhouse owners of Semnan Province, Iran. The population of the study comprised greenhouse owners of Semnan Province. The sample size was calculated using ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Structures
15. Recognizing the Reasons for Success of Growth Enterprises at Agriculture Sector of Semnan Province, Iran

Farhad Lashgarara; Alireza Torabi; Maryam Omidi Najafabadi

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, Pages 531-540

Abstract
  Small and medium enterprises play a significant role in economic and industrial development in the developed and developing countries. The main purpose of the study was to investigate the key factors in the effective of growth enterprises. The statistical population of this study according to assessment ...  Read More