Original Article
1. Assessment of the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Assets in Langroud County

Habibollah Rezadoost; Alireza Estelaji; Majid Vali Shariat Panahi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 323-332

Abstract
  The present descriptive survey aims to analyze sustainable rural livelihood in Langarud County of Guilan province, Iran. The statistical population was composed of all rural people in this county (N=37904). Convenience sampling used to determine sample size (n=180). They were selected by proportionally ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Optimal Cropping Pattern in Afghanistan Considering Environmental Sustainability

Hossein Ali Soltani; Elham Khajehpour

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 333-346

Abstract
  Environmental sustainability is one of the most important considerations in planning and managing agriculture in any country nowadays. Agriculture plays an important role in Afghanistan's economy and employment. Herat province is rich in agricultural production in Afghanistan. To achieve environmental ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Assessment of the Quality of Academic Services at Yasouj University: Application of SERVQUAL Model

Mehdi Nooripoor; Zeinab Sharifi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 347-359

Abstract
  The qualitative expansion of the higher education system, regardless of quality development, will have inappropriate outcomes. Therefore, the present study was conducted to assess the quality of academic services at Yasouj University using the SERVQUAL model. The statistical population consisted of 508 ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Toward Environmentally Sustainable Wheat Harvesting Operation in Rainfed and Irrigated Systems

Shamsollah Abdollahpour; Armaghan Kosari-Moghaddam; Mohammad Bannayan

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020

Abstract
  This study aimed to assess the environmental sustainability of wheat harvesting operation in rainfed and irrigated farming systems in three different locations in Iran, including Sari, Mashhad and Parsabad Moghan counties. Four sustainability indices of energy, emergy, exergy, and greenhouse gas emissions ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Investigating the Technical Efficiency of Date Palm Cultivation Using the Data Envelopment Analysis

Zeynab Latifi; Hossein Shabanali Fami

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020

Abstract
  Khuzestan Province, especially Karun County, is one of the main pillars of date production in Iran. According to the limitations of date palm production in this county, optimal production management, and the efficient use of production inputs are required.  The main goal of this study was to calculate ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Rice Wastes and Tillage Management in Guilan Rice Fields: An Essential Approach to Sustainable Agricultural Management

Fatemeh Alipour Mobaraki; Ali Mohammadi Torkashvand; Ali Aalami; Mahmoud Shabanpour Shahrestani

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020

Abstract
  Agricultural wastes and their management is one of the important issues in agriculture which in most cases, farmers find it easy to dispose of them by burning. I In order to investigate the effects of burning the crop residues on some physical properties of the soil and rice yield, pests, diseases and ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Livelihood Resilience to Climate change in Family Farming System (Case Study: Wheat Farmers’ Mahidasht in Kermanshah)

ronak kakehazar; Hossein Agahi; shahpar Geravandi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020

Abstract
  Over 90% of western past of Iran agrarian system is family farming. Thus rural people in this area are dependent on agricultural resources, pastoral system and nonfarm activity for their livelihood. This has created heightened vulnerability to climate change. Therefore, this study attends to measure ...  Read More