Original Article
1. Assessment of the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Assets in Langroud County

Habibollah Rezadoost; Alireza Estelaji; Majid Vali Shariat Panahi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 323-332

Abstract
  The present descriptive survey aims to analyze sustainable rural livelihood in Langarud County of Guilan province, Iran. The statistical population was composed of all rural people in this county (N=37904). Convenience sampling used to determine sample size (n=180). They were selected by proportionally ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Optimal Cropping Pattern in Afghanistan Considering Environmental Sustainability

Hossein Ali Soltani; Elham Khajehpour

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 333-346

Abstract
  Environmental sustainability is one of the most important considerations in planning and managing agriculture in any country nowadays. Agriculture plays an important role in Afghanistan's economy and employment. Herat province is rich in agricultural production in Afghanistan. To achieve environmental ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Assessment of the Quality of Academic Services at Yasouj University: Application of SERVQUAL Model

Mehdi Nooripoor; Zeinab Sharifi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 347-359

Abstract
  The qualitative expansion of the higher education system, regardless of quality development, will have inappropriate outcomes. Therefore, the present study was conducted to assess the quality of academic services at Yasouj University using the SERVQUAL model. The statistical population consisted of 508 ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Toward Environmentally Sustainable Wheat Harvesting Operation in Rainfed and Irrigated Systems

Shamsollah Abdollahpour; Armaghan Kosari-Moghaddam; Mohammad Bannayan

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 361-381

Abstract
  This study aimed to assess the environmental sustainability of wheat harvesting operation in rainfed and irrigated farming systems in three different locations in Iran, including Sari, Mashhad and Parsabad Moghan counties. Four sustainability indices of energy, emergy, exergy, and greenhouse gas emissions ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Investigating the Technical Efficiency of Date Palm Cultivation Using the Data Envelopment Analysis

Zeynab Latifi; Hossein Shabanali Fami

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 383-399

Abstract
  Khuzestan Province, especially Karun County, is one of the main pillars of date production in Iran. According to the limitations of date palm production in this county, optimal production management, and the efficient use of production inputs are required.  The main goal of this study was to calculate ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Rice Waste and Tillage Management in Guilan Rice Paddy Fields: An Essential Approach to Sustainable Agricultural Management

Fatemeh Alipour Mobaraki; Ali Mohammadi Torkashvand; Mahmoud Shabanpour Shahrestani; Ali Aalami

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 401-413

Abstract
  One of the major contributors to air pollution, soil environmental degradations and health risks in paddy fields is the production of high volumes of rice growing activities’ wastes. Poorly managed rice husk and straw (such as burning) can be problematic since they threaten rice -based cropping ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Livelihood Resilience to Climate Change in Family Farming System (Case Study: Wheat Farmers’ Mahidasht in Kermanshah)

Ronak Kakehazar; Hossein Agahi; shahpar Geravandi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 415-433

Abstract
  Over 90 percent of the agrarian system in the west of Iran is based on family farming. Thus, rural people in this region are dependent on agricultural resources, pastoral systems, and nonfarm activities for their livelihood, which has heightened their vulnerability to climate change. Therefore, this ...  Read More