Original Article Farm Management
1. Effective Factors on the Participation of Mazandaran Province Rural Women in Rice Cultivation

Saeid Fealy Nahavand; Amir Ahmadpour

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 275-282

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was to identify factors which affect rural women's participation in rice cultivation (RWPRC) in Mazandaran Province, Iran. The population of this research consisted of all rural women in Mazandaran Province, Iran. By using a multi-stage random sampling, 300 rural women were ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Why Do They Want to Migrate from Rural Areas? A Psychological Perspective from Iran

Masoud Yazdan-Panah; Tahereh Zobeidi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 283-292

Abstract
  While migration is a basic element of population dynamics in most societies, in Iran, rural-urban migration is a particular concern of both social scientists and policy makers. Rural-urban migration accounts for over half of the growth of most Iranian cities. On the other hand, this movement is often ...  Read More

Original Article Education and training
3. Effects of Community-Based Paid Extension on Reducing Vulnerability of Smallholder Dairy Farmers of Southwest Bangladesh

Md. Ektear Uddin; A K M Kanak Pervez; Qijie Gao; Md. Habibur Rahman; Md. Shafiqul Islam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 293-304

Abstract
  The study investigated the effect of Community-Based Paid Extension (CPE) on vulnerability reduction of smallholder dairy farmers. Randomly sampled 255 farmers were interviewed together with 15 key informants’ interview. Both statistical analysis and thematic approach were employed to achieve triangulation. ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Barley Productivity Decomposition in Iran: Comparison of TT, GI, MGI, and GTTI Approaches

Habib Shahbazi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 305-312

Abstract
  In this paper, the authors present new indices for estimating technical change, return to scale, and TFP growth, as well as its decomposition. These indices, Modified General Index (MGI), Generalized Modified General Index (GMGI), and General Time Trend index (GTTI), are generalization of General Index ...  Read More

Original Article Environmental policy and management
5. Analysis of Effective Solutions in the Field of Waste Management in Municipalities

Amir Nouri; Solieman Rasouliazar; Lorence Anvieh Takieh

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 313-323

Abstract
  The main purpose of this study was to analyze the effective solutions in the field of waste management in municipalities. The statistical population in this survey –based study consisted of the citizens that lived in Orumiyeh city in West Azerbaijan Province. By using Cochran formula, sample size ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Role of External Factors on Application of Strategic Management in Agricultural Knowledge and Information System in Iran

Hosna Miladi; Iraj Malekmohammadi; Mohammad Chizari; Seyed Mahmood Hosseini

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 325-335

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was to identify external factors affecting strategic management in agricultural knowledge and information system and to examine their relative importance from experts’ point of view. Five factors were identified based on the interviews, examination of relevant literature ...  Read More

Original Article Education and training
7. The Entrepreneurial Spirit of Rural Women: An Example from Iran

Mehdi Nooripoor; Azar Eskandari; Zeinab Sharifi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 337-345

Abstract
  This study aimed to investigate the personality characteristics related to entrepreneurial spirit of rural women. The statistical population of the study included rural women in the central district of Nimrooz County in Sistan and Baluchistan Province (N=406). Krejcie and Morgan Table was used to determine ...  Read More

Original Article Decision-making
8. Green Product Consumers Segmentation Using Self-Organizing Maps in Iran

Narges Delafrooz; Sina Siavash Moghaddam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 347-356

Abstract
  This study aims to segment the market based on demographical, psychological, and behavioral variables, and seeks to investigate their relationship with green consumer behavior. In this research, self-organizing maps are used to segment and to determine the features of green consumer behavior. This was ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Management
9. Enhancing Cocoa Beans Quality through Improved Cultural Practices in Major Cocoa Producing States of Nigeria

James Adigun; Olubunmi Ashimolowo; Stiphen Adeogun; Samuel Ayodele Mesele; Eniola Fabusoro

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 357-365

Abstract
  In West Africa, low adoption of agricultural innovations by farmers has been partly due to the complexity of the innovation structure or new knowledge beyond the farmers’ socio-economic adaptive capacities. Different attempts have been made to improve cocoa beans quality in Nigeria among which ...  Read More

Original Article Farm Management
10. Developing Area Yield Crop Insurance under Alternative Parametric Methods: Case study for Wheat in East Azarbaijan Province, Iran

Mohammad Ghahremanzadeh; Hossein Raheli; Taravat Aref Eshghi; Ghader Dashti

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 367-382

Abstract
  In crop insurance design, the yield guarantee and the premium are very important parameters, both of which depend upon the yield distribution. Accordingly, the accurate modeling of yield distribution is essential for designing crop insurance contracts. This study employs historical county-level yield ...  Read More

Original Article Family and social enterprise
11. Factors Affecting the Efficiency of Human Resources in Guilan's Rice Processing Industry

Mehrdad Goudarzvand Chegini; Samin Yousefi; Ahmad Ghanbarian Borojani

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 383-393

Abstract
  By moving societies toward globalization and the expansion of competition in the industrial product market, human resource efficiency more than ever has become the determining factor in the competitiveness of industrial products in domestic and foreign markets and thus the profitability of the industry. ...  Read More

Case Report Strategic planning
12. Production Planning Optimization Using Genetic Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization (Case Study: Soofi Tea Factory)

Mansour Soufi; Maryam Mohseni

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, Pages 395-410

Abstract
  Production planning includes complex topics of production and operation management that according to expansion of decision-making methods, have been considerably developed. Nowadays, Managers use innovative approaches to solving problems of production planning. Given that the production plan is a type ...  Read More