1. Assessment of Small Scale Farmers’ Skills Regarding Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in District Sargodha Pakistan

Ejaz Ashraf; Abu Bakar Muhammad Raza; Samiullah Muhammad Younis

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, Pages 229-234

Abstract
  Asurvey study was conducted to assess the knowledge/awareness level in IPM technology among farmers. Four villages were randomly selected from Sargodha district for data collection. Thirteen farmers from each village were selected randomly and sample size was 52 respondents. More than 92% of respondents ...  Read More

2. Investigating Consumers' Willingness to Pay for Organic Green Chicken in Iran (Case Study: Rasht City)

Mohammad Kavoosi Kalashami; Morteza Heydari; Houman Kazerani

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, Pages 235-241

Abstract
  Health and safety are important factors in today’s life. Most of studies show that consuming the chicken that has anti biotic caused different diseases like digestive vessel cancer. Attention to controlled use of antibiotics can play a key role in society health which considered in the production ...  Read More

3. Price Transmission Analysis in Iran Chicken Market

Seyed Safdar Hosseini; Afsaneh Nikoukar; Arash Dourandish

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, Pages 243-253

Abstract
  Over the past three decades vertical price transmission analysis has been the subject of considerable attention in applied agricultural conomics. It has been argued that the existence of asymmetric price transmission generates rents for marketing and processing agents. Retail prices allegedly move faster ...  Read More

4. How should Rural Women's Enterprises Be Developed and Promoted?

Reza Movahedi; Masoud Samian; Khalil Mirzai; Adel Esmaili Saloomahalleh

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, Pages 255-262

Abstract
  This study was a qualitative research which was done by a case study approach. The samples were chosen from rural development experts of Hamedan Province during a snowball sampling process. The data were collected by the semistructured interviews. The data collection was done by faceto- face interviews, ...  Read More

5. Effectiveness of Crop Advisory Services in Aurangabad District of Maharashtra in India

Bhaskar Pant; Alpa Rathi; Anshul Rathi

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, Pages 263-269

Abstract
  The project was undertaken to study the evaluation of effectiveness of crop advisory services and suggested measures for filling the gap in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra in India. The survey was carried out in 2010. The data was collected with the help of a specifically designed and pre-tested questionnaire. ...  Read More

6. The Effect of Drought Stress on Germination and Early Growth of Sesamum indicum Seedling’s Varieties under Laboratory Conditions

Mohammad Hossein Bijeh keshavarzi

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, Pages 271-275

Abstract
  Environmental stresses specially drought, play an important role in decreasing plant growth, particularly during germination in dry and semi dry area. To considering the effect of drought stress caused by polyethylene glycol on germination and characteristics of 2 spices of Sesamum indicum, we had done ...  Read More

7. Employee Job Autonomy and Control in a Restructured Extension Organization

Mary S. Holz-Clause; Vikram Swaroop Chandra Koundinya; Nancy K. Franz; Timothy O. Borich

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, Pages 277-283

Abstract
  This descriptive cross sectional census study identified the perceptions of Extension and Outreach employees of Iowa State University in the United States about job autonomy and control after two years of a major restructuring. Employees perceived autonomy and control over expressing views and ideas ...  Read More

8. Estimation of Potential Evapotranspiration and Crop Coefficient of Maize at Rupandehi District of Nepal

Govinda Bhandari

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2012, Pages 285-293

Abstract
  This study was conducted to determine the potential evapotranspiration (PET) of maize, the crop coefficient (Kc) under full water requirement as well as the cause of decrease in maize yield. It was determined that the seasonal PET of maize is about 486.6 mm. The Kc under full water supply was found to ...  Read More